How does depression affects people?
Depression affects people in numerous ways and causes a wide range of symptoms. They range from lasting feelings of unhappiness and hopelessness to actually losing interest in the things that you used to enjoy and feeling very tearful.
People with depression are also having symptoms of anxiety. Also, they can be physical symptoms such as feeling constantly tired, sleeping badly, having no appetite or not having a sex drive in various situations. Another factor in having anxiety would be having aches and pains.
Signs of depression range from mild to severe. At its lowest, you may simply feel continuously low in spirit. While severe depression can make you feel suicidal. However, most people experience feelings of stress, anxiety or low mood swings during difficult times. A low mood swing may improve after a short period of time rather than being a sign of depression.
Types of depression
Major depression disorder also known as unipolar or clinical depression is characterised as a persistent feeling of sadness or a lack of interest in outside stimuli. So you might have this type of depression if you have five or more of the following symptoms on most days for two weeks or longer. At least one of the symptoms must be depressed mood or loss of interest in activities.
Psychological symptoms of clinical depression can include continuous low mood swings, feeling hopeless, feeling tearful, feeling irritable and having low self-esteem together with little motivation to do certain activities. An alarming symptom would be having thoughts of suicide.
Which is also known as Persistent depressive disorder. Dysthymia is a continuous long-term chronic form of depression. You may lose interest in normal daily activities. Such as feeling hopeless, losing productivity and having low self-esteem and an overall feeling of inadequacy. Also, these feelings last for years and may significantly interfere with your relationships with school work and your daily activities. If you have a persistent depressive disorder you may find it hard to be cheerful even on happy occasions.
It should be noted any person described with dysthymia may be described as having a gloomy personality. Consistently complaining or incapable of having fun. Though the persistent depressive disorder is not as severe major depression your current depressed mood may be mild or moderate or even severe.
Here are the symptoms of persistent depressive disorder. Usually, symptoms come and go over a period of years. Their intensity can change over time but typically symptoms don’t disappear for more than two months. Loss of interest, sadness, emptiness, tiredness, and a lack of energy. Coupled with poor appetite or overeating and problems in the sleeping schedule.
Is also known as bipolar disorder and is the most frequent type of depression disorder suffered by people. It is a mental health condition which affects your moods. Which can swing from one extreme to another. People suffering from bipolar disorder have episodes of depression.
Feeling very low and lethargic. Mania, which is feeling very and overactive. Symptoms of bipolar disorder depend on which mood you are experiencing and therefore it can vary. Unlike simple mood swings, each extreme episode of bipolar disorder can last for several weeks or even longer.
Is a type of depression that many parents experience after having children. It’s a common problem affecting more than one in every ten women within a year of giving birth. It can affect partners and fathers.
Symptoms may include many women feeling a bit down. Tearful or anxious in the first week after giving birth but this is often called the baby blues. It’s so common then it’s considered normal. The baby blues do not last for more than two weeks after giving birth. However, if your symptoms last longer or start later you could have postpartum depression. Postpartum depression can start anytime in the first year after giving birth.
Signs that you or someone that you may know that could be depressed include a consistent feeling of sadness, low mood lack of enjoyment, loss of interest in the wider world and problems relating to concentration and making decisions.
Seasonal Affective Disorder
It is basically a type of depression that comes and goes in a seasonal pattern. Therefore, it is sometimes known as winter depression. The symptoms are usually more apparent and more severe during the wintertime. A few people with seasonal depression may have symptoms during the summer and feel better during the winter.
It can vary from person to person. Therefore symptoms are a persistent low mood, loss of pleasure, interest in normal everyday activities, feeling of guilt, feeling worthlessness
It is important to note that if you do feel depressed, make an appointment to see your doctor as soon as possible. Because depression may get worst if it isn’t treated and if you’re reluctant to actually seek treatment please talk to your friends or a loved one or a health care professional or faith leader or just someone else that you trust.